Nicaragua is the largest country of Central America bordered by Costa Rica, Honduras, Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Nicaragua is a hotspot of biodiversity with unique ecosystems. Managua is the capital of Nicaragua and about quarter of the population is living in Managua. The dense population of Managua makes the capital as the second largest city of Central America. Nicaragua was the colony of Spanish Empire and Nicaragua got independence in the year 1821, but was recognized by Spain by 1850 just like several other Central American countries. Nicaraguan Revolution has happened due to the political instability, fiscal crisis, military intervention of US and dictatorship. Nicaragua was under the dictatorship of Somoza family for about 40 years.
Nicaragua is a democratic republic and President is both head of the government and head of the state. Executive power of the country is vested up on the government and Legislative power is exercised by both National Assembly and government. The Judiciary system of Nicaragua is independent from legislative as well as executive powers. Nicaragua is divided in three geographical regions such as Pacific Lowlands, Amerrique Mountains and Mosquito Coast. Economy of the country mainly depends up on agriculture and tourism is second to agriculture.
The population of Nicaragua is more than 5,800,000 in which 69% are Mestizo, 9% are Blacks and other races and 5% of Amerindians. Among the population, 84% are residing in urban areas. About 90% of the population is speaking Spanish. Several indigenous people are speaking native languages such as Sumo, Miskito, Garifuna and Rama languages. Religious freedom is there in Nicaragua and there is no official religion. Majority of the people are Roman catholic whereas Protestantism and other denominations of Christians are also there in the country. Other religions present in the country are Buddhism and Islam.
Tourism plays an important role in the economy of Nicaragua. The Cathedral and National Palace in Old Managua are best examples for the colonial architecture. Managua has several tourist attractions such as Volcanic lagoons, water sports and facilities for fishing, boating and picnicking. In Leon, you can find the natural hot sulphuric springs heated by Telica volcano. Granada is a famous tourist spot where you can find beautiful buildings, Church of Jalteva, fortress-church of San Francisco and Church of La Merced.
About 50 volcanoes are there in Nicaragua but only seven of them are active. Most of the volcanoes in Nicaragua provide facilities for several activities like climbing, swimming, camping and hiking. Some of the most frequented volcanoes are Momotombo, Cosiguina, Ometepe’s Maderas, Concepcion, Masaya Volcano and Mombacho. Tola is a place where you can find some best beaches for surfing. Bosawas Biosphere Reserve is a rainforest situated in the north of Nicaragua and south of Honduras. Thousands of flora and fauna is present in this reserve which one of the best tourist destination of the country. Corn Islands is a best tourist destination that offers deep sea fishing, trekking and hiking. Montelimar is also a famous tourist spot for shopping, snorkeling, surfing and scuba diving.