Hungary is in Central Europe and Pannonian Basin. The country is landlocked by Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Budapest is the capital city of Hungary. From 9BC - 4th century when the region was known as Pannonia it was the part of Roman Empire. Later Huns came to the region, and established a powerful empire. In 895, Hungary was founded by the Árpad, a Hungarian ruler. The Arpadian kings ruled the country for about 946 years. Ottoman occupation was partial, and they ruled for about 150 years. The country integrated with Habsburg Monarchy, and later with Austro-Hungarian dual monarch. Communist era in the country began in 1947 and lasted in 1989.
Hungary at present is a parliamentary republic in which the head of the state is President and head of the government is the Prime Minister. Executive power is vested on the council of minister, and legislative power is exercised by both parliament and the government. Judicial system is independent to both executive power and legislative power. Hungary’s economy is at present a market economy. The country’s economy depends on tourism sector, services sector, agricultural sector, automobile sector and industrial sector. The country has highly developed transport system such as railways, air, road and water. Budapest Metro is ranked second among the oldest underground system of metro of the world.
The total population of Hungary is 9,979,000. About 92% of the population is ethnic Hungarians, and the Roma people constitute 1.9%, and the ethnicity of remaining population consists of unspecified and other ethnicities. Hungarian is the official language of the country. Other languages used are Romani, Romanian, Serbian, Ukrainian, German, Croatian, Bunjevac and Slovak. Majority of the people are Catholics of which Roman Catholics are higher in number. Other religions are Protestantism, Orthodox Christianity and Judaism.
Hungary has variety of tourist destinations that ranges from caves, grasslands, museums, castles, opera houses, springs to lakes. Lake Balaton of Hungary is the largest one in Central Europe and Lake Hevis is the second largest thermal lake in the world. The thermal springs of the country is attraction millions of visitor for having thermal baths. Hungarian Nation Gallery is a prominent attraction of Budapest, and the largest museum of the nation. The national museum situates in Buda Castle which displays various art and artifacts of 19th and 20th century. Buda Castle is listed as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Buda Castle consists of Great ballroom, Habsburg room, ballroom, Palatinal Crypt and St. Sigismund Chapel.
The Great Plain Area is popular for its beautiful landscape and serenity. The tour around the town provides you various attractions such as Kiskunság National Park, lakes, wildlife, Serbian Church and plateaus. Danube River is listed as the World Heritage Site and it is ranked second among the longest rivers in the continent. There are several caves in the country. Some of the caves are Pálvölgy Stalactite Cave, Szemlőhegy Cave and Mátyás Cave. The Palace of Arts is an important exhibition hall of the country. The Palace of Arts is famous for exhibiting the work of both foreign and Hungarian artists.