Croatia is situated in Southeastern Europe and Central Europe. Croatia is bordered by Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. The capital city of Croatia is Zagreb. The region was inhabited from prehistoric period and the fossils of Neanderthals were also found in the region. Croatia became the part of Roman Empire in 9 AD. During the early half of 7th century, Avars invaded the country and all the Roman towns were destroyed. During early 7th century, Croats arrived to Croatia and organized into 2 dukedoms such as the duchy of Littoral Croatia and duchy of Pannonia. The country has elevated its status into a kingdom in AD 925.
In 1102, the kingdom of Croatia united with Hungary. The country declared independence in the year 1991. The country is now a democratic republic with parliamentary system. The present constitution of Croatia was adopted in the year 1990. The president of the country is the head of the state and head of the government is Prime Minister. The Croatian Parliament is unicameral and Banski dvori is the official residence of the government. Croatian economy is service-based and majority of the country’s economy depends on the service sector. The industrial sector is dominated by ship building. Tourism is also the major source of the income.
The total population of the country is around 4 million and the country is mainly inhabited by the Croats as they consist of 89.6% of the total population. Other minor ethnic groups are Boniaks, Serbs, Italians, Hungarians and Germans, Romani people, Slovenes, Czechs and others. The major religion of the country is Roman Catholic that consists of 88% of the total population. Other minority religions are Orthodox, other Christians, Muslims and others. The official language of Croatia is Croatian. The people of the country are protective about the Croatian language as the language constantly changed due to foreign influences and the threats from previous rulers.
A wide variety of tourist destinations can be found in Croatia. The most popular heritage city of the country is Dubrovnik and this ancient city is a major attraction among the tourists. In Dubrovnik, you can find the famous monument Big Fountain of Ononfrio. The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul is the second tallest tower in the country and this tower is seen from any place in Osijek. Peter Druzic Stairway in Rijeka is also a famous tourist attraction as it has a total of 538 steps which lead to Church of Our Lady of Trsat.
The tower in Pula also known as the Arch of Sergi is a famous attraction of Croatia and this tower is constructed as monument in memory of three members of Sergi family. They died in a battle between Egyptian-Roman and the Octavian in which the battle was won by the Octavian. Plitvice Lakes National Park is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The national park consists of 16 lakes which are inter-connected by numerous waterfalls and the national park is populated with bears, wolves, boars, deer and rare species of birds. Zagreb Mimara museum of Croatia is another famous tourist attraction and it displays about 200 archaeological pieces dated from prehistoric times, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Pre-Columbian America, Persia, Greece, Rome, Etruria, Crete and medieval Europe.