Moldova located in Eastern Europe and the country is landlocked by Romania and Ukraine. The capital of Moldova is Chisnau. The civilization in Moldova started from Neolithic Stone Age and Dacian tribes inhabited the territory of Moldova in Antiquity. South Moldova was under the rule of Roman Empire, and then Byzantine Empire. The country was invaded by people from other territories such as Bulgarians, Goths, Avars, Huns, Pechenegs, Mongols, Tatars, Cumans and Magyars. The country became the tributary of Ottoman Empire in 1538, but internal autonomy and partial autonomy in external affairs were retained by the country. According to the treaty of Bucharest, Russian Empire took the control eastern half of Moldova.
Later, the western region of Moldova which was known as the Kingdom of Romania decided to join with Russian Empire after the Treaty of Berlin. Sovereignty of the country was declared in the year 1990. Moldova got full independence from Soviet Union in August 1991. Moldova is a democratic country with parliamentary system. President of Moldova is the head of the state, and Prime Minister of Moldova is the head of the government. Judiciary is independent to legislative and executive powers. Majority of Moldovan economy depends on service sector. Other major economical sectors are agriculture and industry.
The total population of Moldova is 3,560,430. The major ethnic group of Moldova is Moldovans (Romanians). Other ethnic groups in Moldova are Ukrainians, Russians, Gagauz people and Bulgarians. The official language of the country is Moldovan (Romanian). Other languages used in the country are Gagauz, Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian. Major religion of the country is Christianity, and 90% of the population is Eastern Orthodox. Other religious faiths in the country are Roman Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals, Baptists, Muslims, Baha’i, Unification Church, Lutherans, Hare Krishnas, Presbyterians, Jews, Molocans and Messianic Jews.
Moldova tourist spots ranges from parks, villages, monasteries, lakes, museums to historical monuments. There are several famous weekend getaways in Moldova. Chisinau is a cozy town situated at the heart of Moldova. Different tourist spots of Moldova are historical center, central park, churches, museums, central market, Second World War memorial, and cultural and administrative edifices of Stefan Cel Mare. Moldova houses Europe’s biggest underground cellars for wine such as Milestii Mici and Cricova. Capriana monastery is among the oldest monasteries situated at the center of Codru natural reserve. Vadul lui Voda beach is a popular beach on Nistru River located in close proximity to Chisinau.
Ivancea Village is a popular tourist spot surrounded with seven lakes, green fields and beautiful valleys. Rudi Village is a must see destination as it consists of nature reserve, archaeological site, natural cave with relics of pre-historic times, fortresses of 4th and 3rd BC, and 9th and 12th century. Museum of Ethnography and National History of Moldova displays collections of zoology, ethnography, paleontology, archaeology, geology, entomology and numismatic collections. The Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church is a famous destination believed to be constructed in 1455. The half portion of the church can be seen underground. Some of the beautiful villages with variety of tourist spots are Cosauti Village, Tipova Village, Saharna Village and Japca Village.