Saudi Arabia being consisted of deserts with some parts with oases and about half of uninhabitable desert produces a very hot weather type of climate. Most parts of the lands located in the western regions of Saudi Arabia are plateau, lowlands on the east, all producing a very hot weather condition.
The weather in Saudi Arabia is composed of extreme aridity and heat. It is among a few numbers of countries in the world where temperatures during the summer period reaches above 120 degrees F (50 degrees C). While there can be snow or the so called winter frost forming in the much higher mountain ranges but this weather event doesn’t happened every year. The average weather temperature during these winter periods are 47°-68 degrees F (8°-20 degrees C) in areas such as Riyadh and 66°-83° F (19°-29° C) in places such as Jeddah which is located on the coast of the Red Sea. The mountain regions have the freshest weather condition that is responsible for it to become the greenest part of the entire Saudi Arabian nation.
Except the Asir province and the surrounding towns of Jizan, Saudi Arabia is known for its desert weather and climate as a whole. It is characterized by an extreme amount of heat during daytime and a sudden temperature drop during the night with erratic, slight and occasional rainfall. The two main changes or extreme weather climate are felt in between the interior and the coastal lands.
During summer the average weather which happens in the months of July, the temperature ranges from 81° – 109° F (27° to 43° C) in the Saudi Arabian cities of Riyadh. While in the city of Jeddah, the weather temperature averages from 80° – 100° F (27°-38° C).
Weather conditions at night especially in the central desert region are famous for being chilly even during the summer as the vast amount of sand gives up its daytime heat very quickly the moment the sun set.
Rains are hard to come by also; the weather in Saudi Arabia doesn’t bring much rain. Yearly precipitation averages about 100 mm or just about 4 inches in a lot of regions, but sudden and surprising downpour can sometimes lead to flash floods in the Wadis region. Annual average rainfall in the city of Riyadh is 4 inches (100 mm) and comes between the month of January till May, in Jeddah the average rainfall is 2.1 inches (54 mm) and falls on the month of November until January.
Over all Saudi Arabia provides extreme weather condition that may prove hard to adjust at first but once you settled down in this wonderful nation the ever changing cool and hot weather condition will prove to be easy to adapt to and seeing the rain fall at some time of the year is enough to give excitement to everyone.
Be sure to wear and light colored clothes during the hottest period of the year and have an extra jacket during the cold nights.